Multi-Sensor Based Forest Fire Detection System
Parul Mohindru1, Rajdeep Singh2
1Parul Mohindru, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar, India.
2Rajdeep Singh, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar, India.
Manuscript received on February 06, 2013. | Revised Manuscript received on February 28, 2013. | Manuscript published on March 05, 2013. | PP: 142-145 | Volume-3 Issue-1, March 2013. | Retrieval Number: A1319033113/2013©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have become hot topic in field of research in recent days. In day to day life we come across many problems which left unresolved by humans, so at that time we think of collaborating human knowledge with technology to eradicate the problems. The efficient approaches of forest fire detection using multi-sensors describes one of the wireless sensor network applications for detecting a parameter that is fire and reporting it to the base station to save the humans and wildlife from destruction which is caused by the fire. The effort offered in this paper conveys the idea of implementing Fuzzy Logic on the information collected by multiple sensors. Thus multiple sensors are used for detecting probability of fire with variations during different time in a day. Each sensor node senses Temperature, Humidity, Light Intensity, CO Density and Time for calculating probability of fire. It will improve precision of the detection system, as well as false alarm rate will be reduced.
Keywords: Forest Fire Detection, Fuzzy Logic, Sensor Networks.