PID Control Tuning VIA Particle Swarm Optimization for Coupled Tank System
S.Y.S Hussien1, H.I Jaafar2, N.A Selamat3, F.S Daud4, A.F.Z Abidin5
1S.Y.S. Hussein, Faculty of Electrical Engineering (FKE), Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM).
2H.I. Jaafar, Faculty of Electrical Engineering (FKE), Universiti Teknikal Malaysia. Melaka (UTeM), Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Malaysia .
3N.A. Selamat, Faculty of Electrical Engineering (FKE), Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM).
4F.S. Daud, Faculty of Electrical Engineering (FKE), Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM).
5A.F.Z. Abidin, Faculty of Electrical Engineering (FKE), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM).
Manuscript received on April 26, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on May 03, 2014. | Manuscript published on May 05, 2014. | PP: 202-206 | Volume-4 Issue-2, May 2014. | Retrieval Number: B2253054214/2014©BEIESP
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite
©The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Abstract: This paper presents the use of meta-heuristic technique to obtain three parameters (KP, KI and KD) of PID controller for Coupled Tank System (CTS). Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is chosen and Sum Squared Error is selected as objective function. This PSO is implemented for controlling desired liquid level of CTS. Then, the performances of the system are compared to various conventional techniques which are Trial and Error, Auto-Tuning, Ziegler-Nichols (Z-N) and Cohen-Coon (C-C) method. Simulation is conducted within Matlab environment to verify the transient response specifications in terms of Rise Time (TR), Settling Time (TS), Steady State Error (SSE) and Overshoot (OS). Result obtained shows that performance of CTS can be improved via PSO as PID tuning methods.
Keywords: Coupled Tank System (CTS), Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), PID Controller, PID Tuning Method.