Application of Value Engineering Techniques in Appraisal Stage of Construction Projects in Rwanda
Eric Uwurukundo1, Gwaya Abednego2, Kivaa Titus3

1Mr. Eric Uwurukundo, Dept. Construction Management, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology, Nairobi, Kenya.
2Dr. Abednego Oswald Gwaya, Dept. Construction Management, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology, Nairobi, Kenya.
3Dr. Titus Kivaa Mbiti, Ph.D. (RMIT, Australia), MA (Bldg Mngt, UON) BA (Bldg Econ, UON), CIQSK, RQS, Kenya.

Manuscript received on June 17, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on June 19, 2019. | Manuscript published on July 30, 2019. | PP: 1-9 | Volume-9 Issue-2, July 2019. | Retrieval Number: B3234079219/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: The construction industry faces problems that are classed as: demand issues, supply issues, and some common issues such as poor management and an adversarial culture. This results to production of low and unreliable returns because of low performance in terms of cost and time overrun and poor durability [1]. The present research presents the benefits of applying value engineering techniques at the appraisal stage of construction projects, by relating the functions, the quality and the costs of the project to determination of optimum solutions for construction projects. Literature related to construction industry was briefly reviewed, on why the application of value engineering techniques is necessary, the benefits that led to it being indispensable how , VE could help to improve the effectiveness of a significant number of decisions taken when managing construction projects, which are most of the time made under risk and uncertain conditions[1]. A survey research design was adopted with the use of questionnaires. A sample size of 65 project managers working on Rugarama Park Estate was issued the questionnaires. The analysis of findings indicated a necessity of value engineering techniques application (planning, effective decision-making, and ability to identify opportunities and cost reduction without sacrificing requirements). It was therefore recommended that Value engineering be applied at early stages for all construction projects in Rwanda.
Keywords: Planning, Effective, Value Engineering Techniques.