Volume-8 Issue-5

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Volume-8 Issue-5, January 2019, ISSN: 2231-2307 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication

Page No.



Sreevidya.L, S. U. Prabha, S. Sathiya

Paper Title:

Evaluation of The Reliability of Distribution System with Distributed Generation using ETAP

Abstract: Distributed Generation (DG) is an electric source connected directly to the distribution network. DG has been growing rapidly in deregulated power systems due to their potential solutions to meeting localized demands at distribution level and to mitigate limited transmission capacities from centralized power stations. In this paper effort has been made to study the impact of DG on the reliability of the distribution network. IEEE 33 Bus distribution network was used for the study. Firstly, DGs were optimally sized and located in the network using Modified Particle swarm optimization and ETAP software was used to model and evaluate the reliability indices. Two scenarios were considered. Scenario one was the integration of one DG and two was integration of two DGs. The results obtained showed that as the number of DG in the system increases the reliability of the system also increases.

Keywords: Distributed Generation, Reliability indices, Modified Particle Swarm Optimization, ETAP.


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Fredrick Otieno Okuta, Abednego Gwaya, Wanyona Githae

Paper Title:

An investigation of the Adequacy of Monitoring and Evaluation Practice in Public Projects in Kenya

Abstract: The Practice of Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) has become an increasingly important tool within the global efforts in achieving environmental, economic and social sustainability. Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) help those involved with projects to assess if progress is being achieved in line with expectations or not so that reasonable measures can be taken in good time to ensure the project success. While the knowledge on monitoring and evaluation of projects exists, the administrative components of monitoring and evaluation seem to be lacking in the management of county government funded projects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the adequacy of Monitoring and Evaluation in county government funded projects in Kenya. The study investigated the influence of policy, level of planning, resources and the process on the adequacy of monitoring and evaluation exercise in the county government funded projects in Kenya. The study adopted a survey research design and the target population were the county government projects coordination department members. Two completed projects were sampled from each of the 47 counties in Kenya. 72 out of 94 questionnaires sent to the field were returned translating to 76% response rate. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 16 which involved descriptive and inferential statistics. The study established that policies (r = 0.604, P < 0.01), planning (r = 0.596, P < 0.01), availability of resources (r = 0.815, P < 0.01) and process (r = 0.889, P < 0.01) have a significant influence on the adequacy of monitoring and evaluation of county government funded projects in Kenya

Keywords: Monitoring, Evaluation, County Government Funded Projects.


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