Problems of Urbanization of Azerbaijan
Vusat Afandiyev1, Firangiz Gasimova2

1Mr. Vusat Afandiyev, Dr. Prof. Heworks at Baku State University. scientific journals of Azerbaijan and foreign countries. Bakı, Azerbaijan.
2Mrs. Firangiz Gasimova, Doctor of Philosophy in Geography. Senior lecturer at Baku State University. Bakı, Azerbaijan.

Manuscript received on January 09, 2016. | Revised Manuscript received on January 21, 2016. | Manuscript published on March 05, 2016. | PP: 1-6 | Volume-6 Issue-1, March 2016. | Retrieval Number: A2790036116/2016©BEIESP
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Abstract: In the article the appearance of cities, urban development, socio-economic development, the concentration of production, population and settlement, based on scientific and technological progress is the result of industrial production, is talking about the problems arising in the process of urbanization. The regulation of agglomeration that is the result of urbanization development in spite of its being of current importance is a poor investigated and difficult-to-resolve problem. The thorough changes which have occurred in the economic, social and political life of the country in the course of last years from the geographical – territorial, industrial point of view are such an important, diversified and dynamic processes that the scientific perception and research on demand of time of the new realities connected with them has turned to a burning problem. The special role of urbanization stems out from its origin of occurrence of urban environment. Social-economic, cultural and demographic settling expands its positions on the historical stages of evolution processes and is developed qualitatively and quantitatively. Integration and planning, town studies from the urbanization viewpoint is a subject of inquiry by different sciences – economy, economic-social geography as well as urban planners. Within the circle of their attraction power and surrounded by unitary areas the towns cause the occurrence of tight reciprocal relationships, integration processes and promotes the vanish of insulation, isolation typical for the past.Nowadays, the increase of city agglomerations and transport-economic relationships, disappearance of major differences between towns and villages promotes economic-social housing in the territorial and regional system as well as migration relationships. Historically, Baku city was placed in area of oil-and-gas fields and has been surrounded with areas of their operation. Now because of an arrangement of Baku city and adjoining regions, oil fields, and also more than 50 densely populated settlements of city type and the working settlements located in an environment of crossed roads, are present very much limited opportunities for its horizontal extensive growth. Such situation in the certain district limits free ground territories for seaside recreational zones and developments of the agricultural industry in the area of city councils of Baku and Sumgait, especially in districts with dense built-on and compactness of communication lines. The mentioned process is conducted outside of intensively-urbanized Baku and Sumgait and has no opportunity for using recreational zones and the ground areas. The primary purpose in this work is conducting a research of activity and interrelation of development of cities, urbanization and the migratory processes connected to it in a certain territorial system from the position of the interconnected and functional system of social and economic, economically – geographical, ecological, housing aspects.The given work which for the first time is devoted to geographical problems of development of the urbanization of cities of Azerbaijan Republic, does not reflect completely multilateral and volumetric problems in the given area.
Keywords: Settlement; Urbanization; Economic