Simulation and Analysis of AODV routing protocol in VANETs
Tajinder Kaur1, A. K. Verma2
1Tajinder Kaur, Computer Science and Engineering Department, Thapar University, Patiala, India,
2A. K. Verma, Computer Science and Engineering Department, Thapar University, Patiala, India.
Manuscript received on July 01, 2012. | Revised Manuscript received on July 04, 2012. | Manuscript published on July 05, 2012. | PP: 293-301 | Volume-2, Issue-3, July 2012. | Retrieval Number: C0750062312 /2012©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET) is a form of Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANET). The field of VANETs started gaining attention in 1980s and has now been an active field of research and development. VANETs provide us with the infrastructure for developing new systems to enhance drivers’ and passengers’ safety and comfort. There are many routing protocols that have been proposed and assessed to improve the efficiency of VANET. Simulator tool has been preferred over outdoor experiment because it is simple, easy and cheap. In this paper, simulation of one of the routing protocols i.e. AODV is done on simulators which allow users to generate real world mobility models for VANET simulations. The tools used for this purpose are SUMO, MOVE and NS2. MOVE tool is built on top of SUMO which is an open source micro-traffic simulator. Output of MOVE is a real world mobility model and can be used by network simulator NS-2. Then graphs were plotted using Tracegraph for evaluation. Based on the simulation results obtained, the performance of AODV is analyzed and compared in three different node density i.e. 4, 10 and 25 nodes with respect to various parameters like Throughput, Packet size, Packet drops, End to End delay etc.
Keywords: AODV, MOVE, NS2, SUMO, VANET.