Detection of Tumor Cells in Brain using Cellular Automata with Image Segmentation and Edge Detection.
Jasmeena Tariq1, A. Kumaravel2

1Dr Kumaravel*, Professor and Dean, School of Computing, Bharath University, Chennai.
2Dr Kumaravel, Professor and Dean, School of Computing, Bharath University, Chennai.

Manuscript received on November 02, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 05, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 30, 2019. | PP: 1-5 | Volume-9 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: C3314099319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijsce.C3314.119419
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Abstract: Tumor growth or, growth of cancerous cells is a big challenge in today’s medical word. When dealing with human life, the detection of tumors through computers has to be highly accurate. Thus we require the assistance of computer in medical examinations, so that we will get very low rate of false cases. Brain tumor, in today’s world, is seen as most threatening and life taking disease. In order to detect brain tumor more accurately in lesser time, many techniques have already been proposed using image segmentation and edge detection. In our paper we propose a technique which is more efficient to detect brain tumor where edge detection through cellular automata have been used from Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan images. It processes these images, and determines the area affected by using segmentation and edge detection with cellular automata. Simulated work is completed with the help of Simulink in MATLAB. Regarding this particular topic there are many studies, however our proposal of combination of both segmentation and edge detection through cellular automata shows better results as compared to combining segmentation with classical edge detection in term of computation time and clarity. This will help in efficiency of detecting brain tumor and later in its removal. 
Keywords: Brain Tumor, Morphological Operations MRI, Watershed Segmentation, MATLAB.