Reduction in Bit Error Rate from Various Equalization Techniques for MIMO Technology
Vinay Dawar1, Ritu Sharma2
1Vinay Dawar, ECE deptt., Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak, India.
2Ritu Sharma, ECE deptt., Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak, India.
Manuscript received on September 01, 2012. | Revised Manuscript received on September 02, 2012. | Manuscript published on September 05, 2012. | PP: 66-70 | Volume-2 Issue-4, September 2012. | Retrieval Number: D0873072412/2012©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The effect of fading and interference effects can be combated with equalizer for a MIMO system. MIMO systems exploit the multipath propagation in rich scattering environment using multiple transmit and receive antennas to increase the capacity of a link. The matrix channel plays a pivotal role in the throughput of a MIMO link since the modulation, data rate, power allocation and antenna weights are dependent on the channel gain. In this case independent, identically distributed (i.i.d.) Rayleigh fading MIMO channel with m-transmit and nreceive antennas has been taken, the diversity order is almost same i.e. m x n for ZF, MRC and MMSE-filtering-based decoding. The error probability analysis also yields a design criterion for optimizing transmitt power allocations. This paper analyses the performance of MMSE, ZF equalizer and MRC based receiver for MIMO wireless channel .The BER characteristics for the various transmitting and receiving antennas simulated in MATLAB tool box and many advantages and disadvantages the system is described. The simulation is carried out in signal processing lab, which shows that the MRC equalizer based receiver is a good choice for removing some ISI and minimizes the total noise power. The results show that the BER decreases as the m x n antenna configurations is increased.
Keywords: Equalizer, Bit error rate, Signal to noise ratio (Eb/N0), transmitting antenna, receiving antenna