Comparative Analysis of Routing Protocol in VANET
N. Kaur1, M. S. Devgan2
1Narinder Kaur, Department of Information Technology, Punjab Technical University/ Chandigarh Engineering College, Mohali (Punjab), India.
1Prof. Mandeep Singh Devgan, Information Technology, Punjab Technical University/ Chandigarh Engineering College, Mohali (Punjab), India.
Manuscript received on October 25, 2018. | Revised Manuscript received on October 28, 2018. | Manuscript published on November 30, 2018. | PP: 39-42 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2018. | Retrieval Number: D3169118418/2018©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: VANET is a vehicle communication platform in which the vehicles can communicate with other vehicles either directly or through infrastructure unit named as RSU (road side unit). The density of the network depends upon several factors and condition of roads. In urban cities, the densities of vehicles are high whereas in rural area, the density can vary. Therefore, vehicle to vehicle communication faces problems in while communicating through VANET and the developer needs to design an infrastructure that can resolve this problem. In this paper, we are presenting a comparative analysis of various routing techniques used in VANET. The main issue that find in VANET communication is the selection of an appropriate routing protocol. Therefore, to know about the advantages, disadvantages and application of four different routing algorithms named as position based, geo based, cluster based and topology based a comparative analysis has been performed.
Keywords: VANET, Routing Protocols, Position Based, Geo Based, Cluster Based and Topology Based.