GIS Technologies in Crime Analysis and Crime Mapping
M. Vijaya Kumar1, C. Chandrasekar2

1M.Vijaya Kumar, Assistant Professor, K.S.R.College of Engineering Tiruchengode, India.
2Dr. C. Chandrasekar, Associate Professor, Periyar University Salem, India
Manuscript received on October 04, 2011. | Revised Manuscript received on October 19, 2011. | Manuscript published on November 05, 2011. | PP: 115-121 | Volume-1 Issue-5, November 2011. | Retrieval Number: E0163081511/2011©BEIESP
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Abstract: Common and geographic issues, such as location of Apartments or neighbourhoods’ with different financial status within an area, can manipulate the patterns and rate of crime incidents in that area. Crime analysis and crime mapping, achieved by GIS, have a major role in reducing crime and improving the effective police activities. Chennai district includes significant attentions of evening, late-night and shopping occasions in Tamil Nadu. Using knowledge such as where and when crime occurs, this paper highlights what the inputs and outputs of crime analysis could be. The relationship between financial characteristics and crime rate for police areas of Tamil Nadu was inquired in to. Then, spatial GIS analyses using Spatial Analyst, Hotspot Analysis was performed. The findings of this paper give the possible incident sites.
Keywords: Crime analysis, Hotspot analysis, data manipulation, spatial crime distribution.