Power – Aware Routing in Manet using Randomized Casting
B. Siva kumar1, K. Tharani2, S. venkatasen3
1Sivakumar.B, Assistant Professor in Vel Tech Multi Tech Engineering College, Tamil Nadu, India.
2Sivakumar.B, Assistant Professor in Vel Tech Multi Tech Engineering College, Tamil Nadu, India.
3Venkatesan.S, Assistant Professor in Vel Tech Multi Tech Engineering College, Tamil Nadu, India.
Manuscript received on December 09, 2011. | Revised Manuscript received on December 25, 2011. | Manuscript published on January 05, 2012. | PP: 382-387 | Volume-1 Issue-6, January 2012. | Retrieval Number: F0347121611/2012©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In a typical wireless mobile ad hoc network (MANET) using a shared communication medium, every node receives or overhears every data transmission occurring in its vicinity. However, this technique is not applicable when a power saving mechanism (PSM) such as the one specified in IEEE 802.11 is employed, where a packet advertisement period is separated from the actual data transmission period. When a node receives an advertised packet that is not destined to it, it switches to a low-power state during the data transmission period, and thus, conserves power. However, since some MANET routing protocols such as Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) collect route information via overhearing, they would suffer if they are used with the IEEE 802.11PSM. Allowing no overhearing may critically deteriorate the performance of the underlying routing protocol, while unconditional overhearing may offset the advantage of using PSM. This paper proposes a new communication mechanism, called Random Cast or Rcast, via which a sender can specify the desired level of overhearing in addition to the intended receiver by using(Adhoc On-demand Distance Vector) AODV protocol. Therefore, it is possible that only a random set of nodes overhear and collect route information for future use. Rcast improves not only the energy efficiency, but also the energy balance among the nodes, without significantly affecting the routing efficiency.
Keywords: Energy balance, energy efficiency, mobile ad hoc networks, network lifetime, overhearing, power saving mechanism.